Bengal tiger or Royal Bengal Tiger is mainly found in India, and it is the national animal of India too. Bengal tiger is one of the extinct animal species in the world. Bengal Tiger is one of the most dreaded animals in the jungle and one of the deadliest hunters so far. Bengal Tiger is loaded with powerful jaws, strong teeth and a huge body and power.
A Bengal Tiger is as beautiful to watch as dangerous in hunting. We visit a zoo and watch a Bengal Tiger roaming, resting or eating. But in jungle life how they live, hunt, breed, we are going to tell you in brief.
The Bengal Tiger is basically a mammal loaded with tremendous power and as powerful weapons as the beautiful beast. It has very sharp and powerful claws, thick and sharp teeth with the powerful skull crushing jaw. A thick skin with a very characteristic coloration pattern.
The body of a Bengal Tiger is colored in yellow to light orange and black color, which becomes white or cream in the belly and the inner sides of legs. Different species have different color combinations like Black, gray or brown. These colored stripes run vertically down all over their bodies before the tail, there it becomes rings. There are some other specimens having different colored strips and color combinations. Those are just genetic varieties.
Generally, the males are larger than the females and heavier too. The male’s weight can range between 400 to 500 pounds, and the females can range between 220 to 350 lbs. The length that the males carry is approximately 106 to 122 inches and a females length can be 94 to 104 inches. With this huge weight, length and body size, they rule the jungle.
Bengal Tiger or Royal Bengal Tiger is a secluded animal which halts in its shelter during the daylight and goes hunting at the daybreak or nightfall. Sometimes Bengal Tigers are found near the shades or water to cool off their bodies.
When they are hungry and it comes to chase for food they become extremely individual, and they are very specific about their territories also. They mark their domain by spreading rocks and trees by mixing them with urine and musk.
Their individual area provides them enough food supply, water, and protection. But when pursuing food become tough they become less possessive about their territory.
A Bengal Tiger is dependent on their sense and sight for hunting their prey instead of smelling. First of all, they hide and stalk their prey from distance and slowly move forward them, when they come near enough they attempt to attack their prey by taking them down with a powerful bite on the neck or throat.
The Bengal Tiger can consume up to 40 kg of meat at a time. Each Tiger every year consumes 50 deer sized animals.Bengal Tiger eats different sized prey, some are small and some are big like elephants. But most of the time they consume a prey worth 20kg or more as like deer, goats, moose, cows, horses, and buffalos. Sometimes they may also consume bigger animals like elephants, bear, rhinoceros, Asiatic dogs etc.
As we got to know that Bengal Tigers are very dominating about their territory and they and are individuals as they like to do their activities at their own but when it comes to breeding it is of course that they are dependent on opposite sexes.
Bengal Tigers can pair up at any time of the year but from the month November to April, they intimate with each other. The female Tiger get matured usually when they are around 3 to 4 years old, where the male one needs to reach age 5 to 6 to get matured.
On an average basis to maternity period lies between 104 to 106 days. But it can also be less for more days like 98 days to 110 days. The mother tiger can give birth to 1 to 4 puppies. After 3 to 6 months they start breastfeeding the puppies. Then they start to learn hunting at the age of 5 to 6 months. And finally, they start their solitary life when they become 2 to 3 years old.
DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT
In India largest amount of Bengal tigers are present. In Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan smaller groups of Bengal Tigers are also found. There is a chance that Bengal Tigers are also found in China and Burma. Near about 440 tigers are present in Bangladesh, 155 in Nepal and 75 in Bhutan. It is assumed that the specimen number is less than 2500.
In recent census (2016 census) it’s found to be there are 106 tigers in Bangladesh, 103 in Bhutan, 198 in Nepal and 2226 number of Bengal tigers are present in India. This information came from the government and disagreed with many private organizations.
The habitat of Bengal Tiger is mostly are grasslands, subtropical and tropical rainforests, scrub woods, wet and dry lands etc.
THREATS AND CONSERVATION
Now a day’s Royal Bengal Tigers are in quite a dangerous situation. Because according to the study of the international union for the conservation of nature the number of this animal is decreasing instead of increasing, which is a dangerous thing according to the law of nature.
Mainly there are two threats for Bengal Tiger, which are poaching and clash between tigers and humans for the territory. Human aims to illegally trespass for trading the products produce from the tiger, like pieces of stuff to decorate their home, ingredients of drugs to make sure too many diseases. The habitat of the tigers is reducing because of the human destroying the property, such as cutting the trees for making timbers and attacking their lands for territory.
Since 1970 India established reserving the tiger project, which somehow helped to reduce the number of tigers. The act of 1972, the Indian wildlife protection also empowers the govt. for the restoration of the natural environment and wildlife.
The villages near the wild sometimes get attacked by the Bengal Tiger, therefore they unknowingly kill the Tigers. And there are some organizations also, which are secretly killing the Tigers and selling the skin, teeth, nails and the body parts also illegally.
So, The Bengal Tiger has considered as an endangered species. And the Wildlife Protection Society of India continuously watches these matters and takes them as a very sensitive case. We should also keep ourselves aware of these things. This is a national issue, and we should be more responsible about that.